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A small group of studenst taking part in the Making Space for People project. Four studenst stand in the street, with clipboards and pens, maing notes. One student shields her head and face from the sun with her clipboard. A council officer in a high visibility jacket is standing with them

More than 5,000 residents and travellers completed the survey for Choices for Better Journeys – thanks to everyone for their feedback.

The Choices for Better Journeys engagement took place from Monday 25 February until Sunday 31st March 2019. It asked people for feedback on proposals for a future public transport network and ways to reduce congestion.

The Choices for Better Journeys Engagement Report provides full details on the engagement results.

Choices for Better Journeys Survey Results

  • 82% of respondents backed our vision to significantly improve public transport.
  • 81% of respondents chose a traffic-reducing measure as their first choice for both funding public transport and reducing congestion.
  • 44% of respondents chose pollution charge as their first or second choice option for funding public transport and cutting congestion, followed by a flexible charge to drive at the busiest times (36%).
  • 32% of respondents chose introducing pedestrianised zones or physical restrictions, as their first or second choice.
  • 29% opted for introducing a Workplace Parking Levy, which would charge employers for parking spaces that they provide.
  • 20% of respondents thought higher parking charges would be the best option.
  • 19% of respondents put forward an alternative idea first, including improving public transport to encourage greater use, better Park & Ride provision and higher taxation to fund better vehicles.

Full results are available in the Choices for Better Journeys engagement report.

Next steps on Choices for Better Journeys

The Greater Cambridge Partnership Executive Board and Joint Assembly will consider the results of the Choices for Better Journeys survey in their meetings in June.

A Citizens’ Assembly will be held in the autumn and will consider evidence about how to reduce congestion and better support public transport to improve people’s daily journeys. The solutions will also help to reduce emissions causing climate change.

Further information about a Citizens’ Assembly will be published shortly.

A World Class Public Transport System for Greater Cambridge

We want to create a world class public transport system that makes it easy to get into, out of, and around Cambridge.

We want the future network to offer quicker, more frequent and reliable services.

Extended operating hours and a single ticketing system could provide more options and make it easier to get around. Villages would benefit from new services linking them into the network, speeding up journey times and offering simpler routes. More cycling and walking facilities would open up new routes, offering more options for shorter journeys.

The public transport network would offer better journeys and more choice for people across the area. 

An infographic showing the details of the GCP Public Transport Vision: Offer a genuine alternative to using a car. Rapid, reliable transport, segregated from cars where possible. Integrated network for timetables, ticketing, and information. Focus on serving key employment areas outside of the town centre. Support cleaner air and healthier living. A system that is affordable, and feasible to deliver and maintain.
A stylised network map, showing the aspiration for a comprehensive and integrated transport network connecting all key employment and commercial centres around Cam,bridge, with ingress routes from principle residentail locations. The network includes Rail, Autonomous Metro, Bus, Cycling, and Walking routes

Options for Delivering Public Transport in Greater Cambridge

To create a world class public transport network in Greater Cambridge that offers a more attractive journey than the car, we need to:

  • Reduce congestion to run faster, more frequent and reliable services.
  • Pay for improved public transport, cycling and walking networks over the longer term – around £20million per year.
  • Improve air quality as we expand the public transport network.

In order to do this, we could consider the following options.

Please see Parking Control paragraph for details


Changes to car parking in Cambridge, by reducing parking availability or increasing charges.

  • Estimated Congestion Reduction: 4% for an increased charge of £5 per use (illustrative example)
  • Potential Revenue Raised Per Year: £16 million for an increased charge by £5 per use (illustrative example) 


  • Encourages some use of public transport, walking and cycling
  • Could free up space for other uses
  • May lead to shorter queues for car parks


  • Required reduction in congestion won't be met by this method alone
  • Revenue from parking charges will be reduced if fewer people choose to park


A yearly fee is charged for staff parking

  • Estimated Congestion Reduction: 2% for charging £1000 a year per parking space at business premises (illustrative example).  
  • Whilst some employers may choose to pay the charge, others will pass the charge onto employees.
  • Potential Revenue Raised Per Year: £13 million for charging £1000 per parking space at business premises


  • Encourages businesses to support employees to use sustainable travel options and/or release parking
  • Can encourage commuters to use public transport, walk or cycle, if businesses pass on the charge to their employees
  • Could free up space for other uses


  • Very limited impact on congestion as low levels of employee parking in many parts of the city
  • Impact dependent on business response and whether charge is passed on
Please see Workplace Parking Levy paragraph for details
Please see Flexible Charge paragraph for details


Charging motor vehicles to drive into and around Cambridge at the busiest times.

  • Estimated Congestion Reduction : 15% various charging options available to meet required congestion reduction.
  • Potential Revenue Raised Per Year: £40 million plus depending on scheme definition.


  • Could deliver the required reduction in traffic.
  • Potential to provide further funding for cheaper fares, and walking and cycling enhancements.
  • Provides long-term funding for public transport.
  • Flexibility would enable scheme to tackle busiest times and to evolve over time.
  • Could work alongside a pollution charge.


  • Risk that cars avoid the area, leading to greater congestion elsewhere.
  • The scheme could be perceived as unfairly penalising those who live outside Cambridge, but evidence shows that 50% of Journeys are within the city.


Charging polluting vehicles to drive into and around Cambridge.

  • Estimated Congestion Reduction: Up to 15% initially but could decrease as vehicles become cleaner.
  • Potential Revenue Raised Per Year: £25 million depending on scheme definition, but could decrease as vehicles become cleaner.


  • Cleaner air and fewer deaths and illnesses related to air pollution
  • Encourages drivers to move to less polluting vehicles
  • lncentivises businesses to upgrade their fleets
  • Effective (in the short term) in encouraging use of public transport, walking and cycling


  • As vehicles become cleaner, fewer will be affected by the charge and congestion may rise again, and revenues for public transport would fall
  • Risk that drivers avoid the area, leading to greater congestion and pollution elsewhere
Please see Pollution Charge paragraph for details

44,000 more jobs are expected in Greater Cambridge by 2031 - which could mean an extra 26,000 car journeys every day on already busy roads

Frequently asked questions

At this stage we want to understand your priorities for public transport, and what you think of the different ideas for delivering better public transport and reducing congestion. The feedback from this engagement will be carefully assessed and will be used to inform the Greater Cambridge Partnership's future work. This could include being used to inform a public consultation on more specific options in due course.

We must take action now to improve journeys into and around Cambridge – both now and in the future. We need to transform public transport in Greater Cambridge to ensure it can cope with the growth of this area.

Following this engagement we will work up detailed proposals for the public transport network, including timescales. Many infrastructure improvements are already planned, with big changes happening in the next five years. We’ll need to consider how to improve services alongside this.

Connecting villages into the network will be important to make sure we have public transport that works for the whole of Greater Cambridge and beyond.

We want to make journeys simpler and better. This could include new services, and new walking and cycling routes either directly into the city or connecting up with the strategic network. We're also expanding Park & Ride provision, so that those who want or need to do part of their journey by car can leave it outside the city and have a fast, reliable route in.

We are not proposing a particular scheme or scheme – we want to understand your views on the different ideas and principles. The GCP Board will then consider how to proceed – if a scheme was proposed there would be a full consultation on all the details.

Cambridge is growing rapidly, with thousands of new jobs created in the last few years and more on the way. This success brings challenges, including congestion. We need to think about how best to get people into, out of and around our city and the wider area.

New roads will just connect to a system that is already at capacity – they are incredibly expensive, and come with a range of environmental and social costs. To be sustainable we need to use what we already have more effectively.

Our initial estimates suggest an investment of at least £20m per year is needed to deliver a world class network for Greater Cambridge. Following this engagement we will work up detailed proposals, including costings.

There are many benefits from more people walking or cycling and from flexible working, but the jobs and growth being created in Greater Cambridge will mean many more people moving around and not all people can cycle to work or work from home.

Car sharing is to be encouraged and will clearly reduce the number of cars on our roads. But our modelling shows that even with significantly more cycling and car sharing we will still need to take further action to free up our roads for transformational public transport to realise its full potential.

We are currently considering how exemptions will apply in each of the measures and would set out details in future for any proposed scheme. We want to hear your views on how the scheme could work for you and your community.


Choices for Better Journeys Engagement Report

  • pdf
  • 1.74 MB

Published on 31 May 2019

Choices for Better Journeys Report - Executive Summary

  • pdf
  • 752.12 KB

Published on 22 May 2019

Choices for Better Journeys data redacted AMCW

  • xlsx
  • 3.39 MB

Published on 01 Jul 2019

Choices for Better Journeys Brochure

  • pdf
  • 1.44 MB

Published on 25 Feb 2019

Cambridge Clean Air Zone Final Report Appendices

  • pdf
  • 4.06 MB

Published on 25 Feb 2019

Cambridge Clean Air Zone Final Report

  • pdf
  • 1.66 MB

Published on 25 Feb 2019

Our Big Conversation-Key Findings

  • pdf
  • 5.18 MB

Published on 25 Feb 2019